L'Australie en quelques chiffres

Publié le par AR & EG

Les informations ci-dessous sont une retranscription du "2004 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency". Les données de 2005 relatives à l'Australie ne sont pas à ce jour accessibles (http://www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/). Si un lecteur parvient à y accéder, qu'il n'hésite pas à me le faire savoir.

Pour agrémenter cette liste, j'ai mis en regard quelques références CIA 2005 pour la France (signalées en bleu).

Bonne lecture.

 


 
  
  PEOPLE   SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK
 

Population:
19,913,144 (July 2004 est.)          60,656,178 (July 2005 est.)

Age structure:
0-14 years: 20.1% (male 2,044,449; female 1,948,574)                            18.4%
15-64 years: 67.2% (male 6,747,687; female 6,623,995)                           65.2%
65 years and over: 12.8% (male 1,121,522; female 1,426,917) (2004 est.) 16.4%

Median age:
total: 36.3 years                       38.85 years
male: 35.5 years                      37.3 years
female: 37.1 years (2004 est.)   40.39 (2005 est.)

Population growth rate:
0.9% (2004 est.)    0.37% (2005 est.)

Birth rate:
12.4 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Death rate:
7.38 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Net migration rate:
3.98 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2004 est.)

Infant mortality rate:
total: 4.76 deaths/1,000 live births                       4.26
female: 4.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
male: 5.16 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 80.26 years       79.6 years
male: 77.4 years                        75.96 years
female: 83.27 years (2004 est.)   83.42 years

Total fertility rate:
1.76 children born/woman (2004 est.)   1.85 (2005 est.)

Ethnic groups:
Caucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%

Religions : 
Anglican 26.1%, Roman Catholic 26%, other Christian 24.3%, non-Christian 11%, other 12.6%

Languages:
English, native languages


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   GEOGRAPHIE   SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

Location:
Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean

Geographic coordinates:
27 00 S, 133 00 E

Area:
total: 7,686,850 sq km     547,030 sq km !!!
water: 68,920 sq km
note: includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island
land: 7,617,930 sq km

Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than the US contiguous 48 states

Coastline:
25,760 km   3,427 km

Climate:
generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north

Terrain:
mostly low plateau with deserts; fertile plain in southeast

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Lake Eyre -15 m
highest point: Mount Kosciuszko 2,229 m

Natural resources:
bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum

Land use:
arable land: 6.88%
permanent crops: 0.03%
other: 93.09% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:
24,000 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:
cyclones along the coast; severe droughts; forest fires

Environment - current issues:
soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization, and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist site; limited natural fresh water resources

Environment - international agreements:
party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol

Geography - note:
world's smallest continent but sixth-largest country; population concentrated along the eastern and southeastern coasts; regular, tropical, invigorating, sea breeze known as "the Doctor" occurs along the west coast in the summer

 


 

 ECONOMY   SOURCE: 2004 CIA WORLD FACTBOOK

Economy - overview:
Australia has a prosperous Western-style capitalist economy, with a per capita GDP on par with the four dominant West European economies. Rising output in the domestic economy has been offsetting the global slump, and business and consumer confidence remains robust. Australia's emphasis on reforms is another key factor behind the economy's strength. The impact of drought, weak foreign demand, and strong import demand pushed the trade deficit up to $14 billion in 2003 from $5 billion in 2002.

GDP:
purchasing power parity - $570.3 billion (2003 est.)     $1,737 trillion (2004 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:
agriculture: 3%
industry: 25%
services: 72% (2003 est.)

Distribution of family income - Gini index:
35.2 (1994)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
2.7% (2003 est.)

Labor force:
9.2 million     27.7 million

Labor force - by occupation:
services 73%, industry 22%, agriculture 5% (1997 est.)

Unemployment rate:
6.1% (2003)    10.1% (2004 est.)

Budget:
revenues: $86.8 billion    $1.005 trillion (2004 est.)
expenditures: $84.1 billion, including capital expenditures of $NA (FY00/01 est.)  $1.08 trillion (2004 est.)

Industries:
mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel

Industrial production growth rate:
1.1% (2003 est.)

Electricity - production: 198.2 billion kWh (2001)

Electricity - production by source:
fossil fuel: 90.8%
hydro: 8.3%
other: 0.9% (2001)
nuclear: 0%

Electricity - consumption: 184.4 billion kWh (2001)

Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2001)

Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2001)

Oil - production: 731,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

Oil - consumption: 796,500 bbl/day (2001 est.)

Oil - exports: 523,400 bbl/day (2001)

Oil - imports: 530,800 bbl/day (2001)

Oil - proved reserves: 3.664 billion bbl (1 January 2002)

Natural gas - production: 33.08 billion cu m (2001 est.)

Natural gas - consumption: 23.33 billion cu m (2001 est.)

Natural gas - exports: 9.744 billion cu m (2001 est.)

Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2001 est.)

Natural gas - proved reserves: 2.407 trillion cu m (1 January 2002)

Agriculture - products: wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits; cattle, sheep, poultry

Exports: $68.67 billion (2003 est.)

Exports - commodities:
coal, gold, meat, wool, alumina, iron ore, wheat, machinery and transport equipment

Exports - partners:
Japan 18.5%, US 9.6%, South Korea 8.3%, China 6.9%, New Zealand 6.5%, UK 4.7%, Singapore 4.1%, Taiwan 4% (2002)

Imports: $82.91 billion (2003 est.)

Imports - commodities:
machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products

Imports - partners:
US 18.3%, Japan 12.3%, China 10.1%, Germany 5.7%, UK 4.6% (2002)

Debt - external: $193 billion (2003 est.)

Currency:
Australian dollar (AUD)

Currency code:
AUD

Exchange rates:
Australian dollars per US dollar - 1.54 (2003), 1.84 (2002), 1.93 (2001), 1.72 (2000), 1.55 (1999)

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geography dissertation 22/10/2009 15:30


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