Quelques informations sur Singapour

Publié le par AR & EG

Flag

Image:sn-flag.png 

Quick Facts

Capital

Singapore

Government

Parliamentary Republic

Currency

Singapore dollar (SGD)

Area

 

total: 692.7 sq km
water: 10 sq km
land: 682.7 sq km

Population

4,425,720 (July 2005 est.)

Language

English (official), Chinese (official), Malay (official and national), Tamil (official)

Religion

Buddhist, Muslim, Christian, Hindu, Sikh, Taoist, Confucianist

Electricity

230V/50Hz (British plug)

Time zone

UTC+08:00

Singapore is an island-state in Southeast Asia. Founded as a British trading colony in 1819, it joined Malaysia in 1963, but withdrew two years later and became independent. It subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries, with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe. While it arguably lacks a high-profile, high-impact attraction (think the Eiffel Tower in Paris or the Burj al-Arab in Dubai), this is more of a bustling yet relatively relaxing place where you can have it pretty easy for your holiday, and at the same time experience some of the unique Asian flavours that this city-state has to offer.

Map of Singapore

Singapore is a microcosm of Asia, populated by Chinese, Malays, Indians and a large group of workers and expatriates from all across the globe. A famously authoritarian state with fines for unlikely things like not flushing toilets, Singapore has a partly deserved reputation for boredom, but "the Switzerland of Asia" is for many a welcome respite from the poverty, chaos and crime of much of the continent.

On the plus side, Singaporean food is legendary, with bustling hawker centres and 24-hour coffee shops offering cheap food from all parts of Asia, and shoppers can bust their baggage allowances in shopping meccas like Orchard Road and Suntec City. In recent years some societal restrictions have also loosened up, and now you can bungee jump and dance on bartops until 6 AM, although alcohol is very pricey and buying chewing gum still requires a doctor's prescription. Casinos will be opening up in about 2009 as part of Singapore's new Fun and Entertainment drive, the aim being to double to number of tourists visiting and increasing the length of time they stay. Watch out for more loosening up in the future.

 Districts

Singapore is a small country on a small island, but with over 4 million people it's a fairly large city.

Bugis and Kampong Glam — Bugis and Kampong Glam are Singapore's old Malay district, now largely taken over by shopping.

Central Business District — The CBD is the densely packed heart of the city, containing:

  • Chinatown — the area originally designated for Chinese settlement by Stamford Raffles.
  • Orchard Road — world-renowned shopping district
  • Riverside — museums, statues and theaters, not to mention restaurants, bars and clubs

    East Coast — The largely residential eastern part of the island contains Changi Airport and many famous eateries.

 

 Little India — A piece of India to the north of the CBD.  

North and West — The northern and western parts of the island, also known as Woodlands and Jurong respectively, form Singapore's residential and industrial hinterlands.

Sentosa — A separate island developed into a resort, Sentosa is the closest that Singapore gets to Disneyland.

History 

Founded in 1819 by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles as a British trading post, this well-placed town at the entrance to the Straits of Malacca soon grew into one of Asia's busiest ports, drawing people from far and wide. Conquered by the Japanese in 1942, Singapore briefly joined Malaysia in 1963 when the British left, but was expelled because of social unrest and political differences. It became independent on 9 August 1965.

Climate

At only 135km (85 miles) north of the Equator, the weather is usually sunny with no distinct seasons. However, most rainfall occurs during the north-east monsoon (November to January). Showers are usually sudden and heavy but also brief and refreshing, although humidity is uncomfortably high at this time of year.

In recent years the weather patterns have changed, so the wet season can be shorter (mid-December to Mid-January). May to July can have heavier rain falls than other months. Spectacular thunder storms can occur throughout the year, normally in the afternoons. The advise would be to carry a umbrella at all times, either as a shade from the sun or cover from the rain.

 

 The temperature averages around:

 26C (79F) daytime, 24C (76F) at night in December and January

31C (89F) daytime, 26C (80F) at night for the rest of the year.   

Publié dans Stop-overs en Asie

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